Also refereed to as roof decking attaches to rafters or top cord of truss.
Roof framing terminology.
The butt of a shingle is the end that faces down roof.
The end rafters that form the outside edge of the roof s rake overhang.
Like wall studs and floor joists rafters and trusses are spaced every 16 or 24 inches from center to center.
Joist parallel framing member installed horizontally to support floor and ceiling loads.
With wood shingles or shakes this is the thicker end.
Stick frame roof framing member supports sheathing.
This article describes and illustrates the different types of support that prevents roof sagging and wall bulging at buildings including definitions of collar ties rafter ties and structural ridge beams.
Gable a gable roof has a ridge at the center and slopes in two directions.
However green building uses a single top plate and ensures that rafters and ceiling joists sit on the plate directly over the studs.
A building s frame is the skeleton that supports all of the finishing features like drywall doors windows and even your roof.
Most roofs utilize 16 inch spacings for strength and rigidity.
Here is a closer look at common roofing terms.
Collectively with other common rafters they support a pitched roof covering.
Don vandervort hometips.
It is the form most commonly used by the navy.
Common types of roofs and basic framing terms.
Manufactured structural roof frame member composed of bottom cord top cord and web members.
Header a beam placed perpendicular to wall suds above doors windows or other openings to carry the weight of structural loads.
Stick framing combines roof rafters with ceiling joists.
The floor joists are nailed to the studs.
If you re trying your hand at constructing an outbuilding like a garage shed or pole barn you ll need to understand the basic components of wall framing before you get started.
This is to help prevent deflection and sag in the roof.
Sometimes referred to as common rafters.
It is simple in design economical to construct.
Some of these can support the roof and prevent ridge sagging and wall spreading.
The rafters are usually positioned directly above the wall studs.
Terms in this set 20 rafter.
Top plate or plates in conventional western platform framing there are two top plates.
An example of each is shown in figure 2 1.
The exposed end of a shingle.
Sway bracing there are a few ways to sway brace the wall.
Types of roofs the most commonly used types of pitched roof construction are the gable the hip the intersecting and the shed or lean to.
Collar ties rafter ties tension beams structural ridge beams.
Ridge the highest point of a pitched roof that receives the head of the spars co mmon rafters rafters.
Can be sheet good materials of plank sheathing.